- The coccidian-like organism first infects cats and can be passed to goats if their feed becomes contaminated by cat feces. Other animals and humans may contract the disease through raw infected meat or by contact with infected urine, feces, or other excretions and fluids of the body, including milk.
- Very rarely does toxoplasmosis cause any sickness in goats and sheep, except an occasional abortion. A few cases have been reported of children becoming infected after drinking unpasteurized or unboiled milk from goats that carry an internal infection. Diagnosis is by laboratory methods only.
- The disease probably occurs worldwide.
- Some sulfa drugs are used in humans, but animals are seldom treated.
- Best prevention is by safe-guarding feed supplies from cat feces and by pasteurizing or boiling milk.
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