Peste Des Petits Ruminants
Pseudorinderpest of Small Ruminants, Peste of Sheep and Goats, Kata, PPR, Stomatitis-Pneumoenteritis Syndrome
- The disease is caused by virus and has been reported only in West Africa.
- A sudden rise in temperature, up to 41C (106F), is seen in goats that appear dull and restless. They have a dull coat, a dry muzzle with a clear discharge, very little appetite, and reddening around the eyes.
- There may be some red or raw areas in the mouth.
- Diarrhea, dehydration, emaciation, and collapse sometimes occur.
- Pneumonia may develop as a complication. Most infected goats die within 8 to 10 days.
- Several other diseases have similar symptoms, thus laboratory diagnosis should be made using blood and culture tests. It has been reported to 10 to 90% fatal in goats.
- It is transmitted by direct contact with sick animals or with areas where sick animals have been recently kept.
- All tissues and fluids from sick animals contain the virus and are considered infectious.
- Cattle exposed to the virus do not become sick but do become immune to rinderpest.
- There is no effective treatment.
- A vaccine that will protect sheep and goats for 1 year is available in some areas.
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